Data Exchange Rate Arrangements Entering the 21st Century: Which Anchor Will Hold? Published Versions Ethan Ilzetzki & Carmen M Reinhart & Kenneth S Rogoff, 2019. Bibtex Slides Anchor Currencies Exchange Rate Classifications Data Country Chronologies Appendix Media: , , Inflation Part III: Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, and Switzerland. Our data sources for the post World War II period are standard databases of the International Monetary Fund-International Financial Statistics (IFS) and World Economic Outlook (WEO). She was Senior Policy Advisor and Deputy Director at the International Monetary Fund and Chief Economist the investment bank Bear Stearns in the 1980s. Share. Jobs, procurement, training, and events. NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2004. © 2020, Carmen Reinhart. Our analysis is based on new data on forty-four countries spanning about two hundred years. Inflation Part I: Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, and El Salvador. Our data sources for the post World War II period are standard databases of the International Monetary Fund-International Financial Statistics (IFS) and World Economic Outlook (WEO). Inflation Part IV: Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. At the WB/IMF Annual Meetings last month, the Development Committee tasked the Bank and the Fund to propose actions to address low income countries’ unsustainable debt burdens. Carmen M. Reinhart, University of Maryland and NBER Kenneth S. Rogoff, Harvard University and NBER Abstract This paper offers a “panoramic” analysis of the history of financial crises dating from England’s fourteenth-century default to the current United States sub-prime financial crisis. 16827 February 2011 JEL No. Capital Inflows and Reserve Accumulation: The Recent Evidence (with Vincent R. Reinhart), NBER Working Paper 13842, March 2008.Spreadsheet with cross-country reserve requirements data. E31,E4,E6,F3,F4,H6,N10 ABSTRACT Historically, periods of high indebtedness have been associated with a rising incidence of 2014-49 Department of Economics University of Munich Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät Ludwig-Maximilians 15639 January 2010, Revised January 2010 JEL No. In Section II, we examine the output consequences of 100 crises spanning more than one and a half centuries. Market data provided by Factset. When more than one city index is available for a country, we work with the simple average across cities (or regions) for the same country, such as in much of the pre-1800s data. Carmen M. Reinhart is the Minos A. Zombanakis Professor of the International Financial System at Harvard Kennedy School.She was Senior Policy Advisor and Deputy Director at the International Monetary Fund and Chief Economist the investment bank Bear Stearns in the 1980s. Addicted to Dollars (with Keneth S. Rogoff and Miguel A. Savastano) NBER Working Paper 10015.Indices of dollarization and their components. When no consumer price (cost-of-living) indices are available, we turn to wholesale or producer prices indices (as, for example, China in the 1800s and the U.S. in the 1720s). Governments must therefore work together to address disruptions to food supply chains and prevent food protectionism from becoming the post-pandemic new normal. 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