Steven J. Haggbloom (Western Kentucky University) Renee Warnick, Jason E. Warnick, Vinessa K. Jones, Gary L. Yarbrough, 2002, Vol. Almost everyone knew about their lives and doings, and each of the most famous had an enthusiastic group of students spreading his doctrines widely. John Rabe Biography of John Rabe: 1882 - John Rabe, born on the 23rd of November in Hamburg, Germany. So, think of psychologists as scientists who study behavior. Freud is best known for his theorie… Carl Jung's unique and broadly influential approach to psychology emphasized understanding the psyche through exploring the worlds of dreams, art, mythology, world religion and philosophy.. Carl Gustav Jung: Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875– June 6, 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. He is hailed among historians as the father of ancient Greek … Famous People From Greece. In the book, the definition of psyche, as was common at the time, used 'mind' and 'soul' interchangeably, with the Ancient Greek philosophers feeling no need to make no distinction between the two. Paul Watzlawick was an Austrian American psychologist and philosopher born on July 25, 1921. This list is of notable psychiatrists.. Additional lists of psychiatrists can be found at the articles List of figures in psychiatry (though not all individuals at that list are psychiatrists and medical doctors), Fictional psychiatrists, and List of physicians.. Medical doctors who are psychiatrists and included in those lists and are also listed below. Certainly, his empirical and pragmatic approach earns him a place in the history of psychology. Since about 1920, most university psychologists have accepted Watson's definition. Greek philosophy was largely a masculine endeavor which tells us little of the feminine psyche or worldview. This idea of looking at the entire body and mind, rather than blaming witchcraft and spirits, certainly influenced medicine and the history of psychology for the better although some of the cures used to alleviate the build-up of a humour, such as blood-letting, were harmful. For example, gluttony and selfishness could be explained by a dominance of the Epithumetikon, letting desires govern behavior. For this reason, the Ancient Greeks provide a useful starting point as we delve into the history of psychology. He proposed the idea of four 'humours' within the human body, each responsible for a different aspect of the human condition, and believed that an imbalance between the four would affect physical and mental wellbeing. This means you're free to copy, share and adapt any parts (or all) of the text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link/reference to this page. The excerpts used in this book for explaining literature, various gods and goddesses, and other characters are good. The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century Review of General Psychology. This project has received funding from the, Select from one of the other courses available, https://explorable.com/aristotles-psychology, Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Claude Galien. This list may not reflect recent changes . The Greek word for sunflower is ηλιάνθου, Helianthus, from the words sun, and flower. 1865) (Public Domain), De pulsibus by Galen. P. Maria Psoinos; S. Georgette Savvides; Y. Olga Yeritsidou This page was last edited on 2 April 2018, at 00:27 (UTC). Uniquely, Aristotle also understood the importance of time on the actions driving a person, with desire concerned with the present and reason more concerned with the future and long-term consequences. Famous Psychologists & Theories. While he was a contemporary of Skinner, Pavlov, Freud and Piaget, his work never attained their level of eminence during his lifetime. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). However, the importance of Galen is not the exact nature of the theory but the fact that his ideas saw the first paradigm shift away from the idea of mental conditions having a supernatural source and towards finding answers in physiology. This list may not reflect recent changes . Whilst their studies were abhorrent when looked at through the lens of history, the Twentieth Century history of psychology includes some infamous and unwanted landmarks. Rosenhan, R.D. Freudian Slip: The father of psychoanalysis had some compelling personal reasons for disliking Christianity. 4 Other Contributions. Interestingly, this human soul was the ultimate link with the divine and Aristotle believed that mind and reason could exist independently of the body. Of Greek extraction, this brilliant physician and researcher earned the respect of successive Roman emperors for his skill and ability, and he went on to produce volumes of work covering many aspects of the human condition, from psychology to eye surgery. A developmental psychologist, Gardner is known for his theory of multiple intelligences, which has presented a fresh take on education. Psychologists Find out more about the greatest 20th Century Psychologists, including Phil McGraw, Timothy Leary, John Dewey, B. F. Skinner and Abraham Maslow. The Paradox of Achilles and the Tortoise is one of a number of theoretical discussions of movement put forward by the Greek philosopher Zeno of Elea in the 5th century BC. Singer, Politician, Songwriter. Greek Female Singers. 1. Phi Beta Kappa. Famous Greek Singers. Freudian Slip: When Christians Drop the Ball. Not a single play, but rather a trilogy (though it should have been four — one has been lost to history) of tragedies, The Oresteia follow another cursed family, the House of Atreus. Aristotle's Psychology. As an aside and a slight divergence into sociology, this short-termism and quest for immediate results is one of the driving forces behind economic collapses, environmental degradation and political popularism. View biography of all famous greek Psychologists - page 1. Later, Plato renounced his idea of a tripartite mind and returned to earlier proposals of a dualistic explanation for the mind, balanced between intellect and desire. It is a collection of myths and stories from the three eras: Greek and Roman mythology, King Arthur’s legends, and medieval. Aristotle studied a wide variety of subjects, including science, ethics, government, physics, and politics, and wrote extensively on them. Italian. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorable_com-box-4','ezslot_6',261,'0','0']));Since the dawn of civilization and the establishment of the earliest religions and spiritual beliefs, various priests, shamans and spiritual leaders were responsible for the mental wellbeing of their people. It goes into depth about the creation of gods and humans. ... At which university was the very first psychology research laboratory established? 1550). ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY/PSYCHOLOGY:Socrates, Plato, INTRODUCTION:Methodology, Grading, Course Overview up to Midterm, GREEK THINKERS:Aristotle, Contiguity, Contrast, PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Saint Augustine, Avicenna, PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Al-Ghazali, Ibn-Rushd, Averroes, ASSOCIATIONISTS:Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, ASSOCIATIONISTS:David Hume, FRENCH REVOLUTION, Denis Diderot, GERMAN CONTRIBUTION:Wilhelm Liebniz, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Hegel, INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION:RUSSIAN CONTRIBUTIONS, RUSSIAN CONTRIBUTIONS:Ivan Pavlov, Reflex, Acquisition, IMPACT OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES ON PSYCHOLOGY:Charles Darwin, Gustav Fechner, STRUCTURALIST SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY:Wilhelm Wundt, EUROPEAN FUNCTIONALISTS:David Katz, Edgar Rubin, Jean Piaget, BEHAVIORISM:Edward Lee Thorndike, Law of belongingness, BEHAVIORISM:Albert Weiss, Edwin Holt, Learning, Canalization, Walter Hunter, NEO-BEHAVIOURISTS:Clark Hull, Edward Tolman, Edwin Gutherie, NEO-BEHAVIORISTS:B.F. Skinner, Karl Lashley, Donald Hebb, Hobart Mowrer, GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY:Max Wertheimer, Similarity, Proximity, Closure, GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY:Wolfgang Kohler, Kurt Koffka, Edward De Bono, GESTALT SCHOOL AND DYNAMIC PSYCHOLOGY:Kurt Lewin, DYNAMIC PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORICO-EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY:Leon Vygotsky, Sergei Rubenstein, HISTORICO-EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY:Alexei Leontiev, K.M Bykov, SCIENTIFIC LOOK AT MENTAL ILLNESS:Philippe Pinel, Sameul Tuke, SIGMUND FREUD AND THE PSYCHOANALYTIC MOVEMENT:The Superego, SIGMUND FREUD AND PSYCHOANALYTICAL MOVEMENT:Anna Freud, CARL JUNG AND ANALYTICAL PSYCHOLOGY:Carl Gustav Jung, JUNG�S ANALYTICAL PSYCHOLOGY:Carl Gustav Jung, ALFRED ADLER AND INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY:Alfred Adler, NEO-FREUDIANS:Harry Stack Sullivan, Karen Horney, ERIKSON and MORENO:J.L. Pages in category "Greek psychologists" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. His hometown was Villach, Austria; he graduated from high school in 1939. 6, No. By: Thomas Bulfinch This classic book is one of the most popular and best-selling books for those who want to read about Greek mythology. Singer, Politician. The concept of psychology has ancient roots and did not evolve into a full-fledged science, until the year 1879, when the first psychology lab was established. He is perhaps best known for his EEG and fMRI studies of the brains of Tibetan monks while meditating. PLAY. He is also known as the teacher of Alexander the Great. The teacher of Aristotle, Plato (428/427 BC - 348/347 BC), provided some useful insights into the theoretical structure of the human mind, based largely upon his elegant Theory of Forms. He was one of the first minds to examine the urges and impulse that drove and defined life, believing that the libido and urge to reproduce was the overriding impulse of all living things, influenced by the 'plant soul.' 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